Women Victims of Political Repression in Venezuela 2020

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EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

In August 2020, the organization issued a special report about women who have been victims of political repression in the country. This report is an update which includes new cases of women political prisoners and updated data on arrests for political purposes carried out in women, as of December 2020.

As of December, 31 2020, there are a total of 26 political female prisoners in Venezuela, including 24 civilians and 2 military officials. Of the total number of political prisoners, 12 of them are under house arrest and 14 have been sent to the following detention centers: Headquarters of the General Directorare of Military Intelligence (Boleíta, Caracas), National Institute for Women Orientation (Los Teques, Miranda state), Training Center for Female Prosecutors “La Crisálida” (Los Teques, Miranda State), Headquarters of the General Directorate of Military Counterintelligence (Bolívar state), Special Actions Force Headquarters (Nueva Esparta), Special Actions Force Headquarters Táchira state), Detachment 51 of the Bolivarian National Guard (Monagas state), The Bolivarian National Police Headquarters (La Yaguara, Caracas)

Between January 1, 2014 and December 31, 2020, the cumulative number of political detainees in the country was 15,688 people, among these detainees, a total of 1,745 were women. Specifically, with regards to the total number of women political detainees during this year 2020, there were 65 arrests. It was determined that the highest number of detentions for political purposes of women this year, took place as of March, within the context of protests due to failures in basic services, with May being the month that reported the highest number of women detained for political purposes , specifically 18 arrests. It is worth noting that 51% of the detentions for political purposes against women of the year were carried out by officials of the Bolivarian National Guard (GNB) and that the greatest number of arrests for political purposes against women took place in the Capital District and in the state of Zulia.