ENFORCED DISAPPEARANCE AS A TOOL OF POLITICAL REPRESSION IN VENEZUELA

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Caracas, 19 de junio de 2020

INTRODUCTION

This report addresses the practice of enforced disappearances in Venezuela, specifically those that occurred during the years 2018 and 2019. For the purpose of analysis in this report, an enforced disappearance is considered to be any arbitrary detention or deprivation of liberty by or with the acquiescence of state agents, followed by a refusal to provide information on the whereabouts of the disappeared person, keeping him or her incommunicado, and a refusal to bring the person before a competent judicial authority within 48 hours of the initial arrest or detention.
After a period of 48 hours, and provided the aforementioned conditions are maintained, detentions are considered to be enforced disappearances, since, as the Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances has pointed out, “there is no time limit, no matter how short, for an enforced disappearance to occur.

During the period covered by this report, January 1, 2018 to December 31, 2019, 724 enforced disappearances of political detainees occurred in Venezuela: 200 in 2018 and 524 in 2019

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